The transition into interpretive language can be a slippery slope. Generalizations based on the results you got are also an important part of this section. Discussion This is where you will discuss your results and state your opinion about it.
When possible, give the actual latitude and longitude position of the site: If you find yourself repeating lots of information about the experimental design when describing the data collection procedure slikely you can combine them and be more concise.
Notice how the substitution in red of treatment and control identifiers clarifies the passage both in the context of the paper, and if taken out of context. View all posts by Lee Project of the Bohum High School We are students of a Bohum High School and this website is our joint project on analytical research in modern computer sciences.
Reference List You have to provide a comprehensive and detailed list of all books, data and people you used as sources. Describe how the data were summarized and analyzed.
An inoculating loop was used to transfer culture to the agar surface. The A of the no-light control was measured only at Time 0 and at the end of the experiment. The results section always begins with text, reporting the key results and referring to your figures and tables as you proceed.
Write the text of the Results section concisely and objectively.
You can elaborate on important points here and restate the major results you got. You can present it as quantitative information in the form of graphs, statistics, charts, and tables. Avoid using ambiguous terms to identify controls or treatments, or other study parameters that require specific identifiers to be clearly understood.
The turntable was rotated 90 degrees by hand. This is a very long and wordy description of a common, simple procedure. Always identify treatments by the variable or treatment name, NOT by an ambiguous, generic name or number e. Here the author assumes the reader has basic knowledge of microbiological techniques and has deleted other superfluous information.
Top of Page Describe your experimental design clearly. You may want to identify certain types of equipment by vendor name and brand or category e. This includes giving the 1 source supplier or where and how the orgranisms were collected2 typical size weight, length, etc3 how they were handled, fed, and housed before the experiment, 4 how they were handled, fed, and housed during the experiment.
Acknowledgements If you would like to thank or mention important people who helped you create and finish this study, you can do so in this section.
Then, state details or examples that can support that statement and refer it back to the introduction you made. You will have to provide recommendations for further study because as said in the introduction, there are limitations to this study. In contrast, this example strays subtly into interpretation by referring to optimality a conceptual model and tieing the observed result to that idea: In genetics studies include the strains or genetic stocks used.
Very frequently the experimental design and data collection procedures for an experiment cannot be separated and must be integrated together. It can also be a combination of both qualitative and quantitative information.
Consider the following two examples: His research interests include microeconomics studies and scarcity of resources, development of international trade and globalization. The lid was then raised slightly.Structure of a Research Paper.
Ideally, it should be broken down into further sections such as methods and materials, results, discussion, and conclusion. The author should use his or her discretion in dividing the body in the most natural way.
References. This is accomplished with a general review of the primary research literature (with citations) but should not include very specific, lengthy explanations that you will probably discuss in greater detail later in the Discussion. The judgment of what is general or specific is difficult at.
In this critical part of the research paper, you start the process of explaining any links and correlations apparent in your data.
If you left few interesting leads and open questions in the results section, the discussion is simply a matter of building upon those and expanding them. A discussion paper presents and discusses in depth the issues that surround a specific topic. When writing a discussion paper, you must include thorough discussion of both sides of the topic being debated, reliable research and evidence regarding the topic.
There should also be a solid understanding. Structure is the most difficult part of writing, no matter whether you are writing a novel, a play, a poem, a government report, or a scientific paper. If the structure is right then the rest can follow fairly easily, but no amount of clever language can compensate for a weak structure.
Structure is important so that readers don't become lost. As long as you have planned a good structure for the parts of a research paper, both approaches are acceptable and it is a matter of preference. For quantitative research, it is a presentation of the numerical results and data, whereas for qualitative research it should be a broader discussion of trends, without going into too much detail.Download