Tang rulers supported Buddhism, Daoism and Confucianism. It completed the Grand Canal, which led to increase in trade within China.
The Southern Song established a capital at Hangzhou, where commerce grew.
Muslim merchants spread improved irrigation in the region, which led to increases in food production and population. Merchants traded gold, slaves and ivory for pottery, glassware, and textiles from Persia, India and China.
Abbasid Caliphate - They moved the capital to Baghdad, which was the second largest city in the world then. Silk worms were smuggled out of China, which allowed the Byzantines to develop a silk industry, while artisans produced glassware, linen, jewelry, gold and silver.
The Incas conquered a large area and absorbed many tribes into their empire.
Foreigners were in charge of the government and the Chinese were consciously separated from the Mongols. Universities were also established, such as those in Toledo, Cordoba, and Granada. The population increased and the capital of Kaifeng became a manufacturing center for cannons, movable type printing, water-powered mills, looms and high quality porcelain.
Sudanic States - One area impacted by the increase in interaction throughout the period was western Africa. The civil service exam system provided upward mobility for males, though the expense of preparation was only afforded by the wealthy.
Economically, the Song saw many important developments. The empires of Ghana and Mali profited from Trans-Sahara trade, and leaders adapted Islam from merchants. He kept local rulers in place to administer, and Russian bureaucrats collected taxes from the peasants.
It had an effective military and a bureaucracy the answered to the emperor. In Europe, Christianity provided cultural continuity in the absence of strong centralized rule, while Islam united the Middle East and North Africa. Tang rulers set up military garrisons to protect the Silk Road Trade.
Aztec Empire Around - - The Mexica were the last great Mesoamerican culture prior to the arrival of the Europeans. Arabic was the language used for trade and government.
Their growth was due largely to the increase in trade along the Indian Ocean Basin. Swahili is a language that blends Bantu and Arabic.Early Modern Period. Coercive Labor Systems – slavery vs.
other coercive labor system Slavery Justifications for slavery English – partially racism of Africans. * The Middle East - *Ottoman Dominance of Middle East The era between and saw the appearance of several land-based empires who built their power on the use of gunpowder: the Ottomans and the Safavids in Southwest Asia, the Mughals in India, the Ming and Qing in China, and the new Russian Empire Labor systems.
UNIT III: - C.E. In the previous era ( C.E.), sometimes called the post-classical period, we explored the rise of new civilizations in both hemispheres, the spread of major religions that created cultural areas for analysis, and an expansion of long-distance trade to include European and African kingdoms.
Labor systems. Labor Systems: c. - c. Following the collapse of the Mongol Empire, Russia developed a system of serfdom to maintain the wealth of the small nobility and monarchy; serfs, or peasants, were forced to work on large estates.
No other era is as easy to summarize as the EARLY MODERN () era. This is the era the Europeans "wake-up", expand, and build empires.
I'm not talking about Charlemagne here. I'm talking about the British Empire. major changes occurred in agricultural labor, the systems and locations of manufacturing.
Period 4: Global Interactions, c. to c. AP World History Period 4: Global Interactions (c. to c. ) study guide by APWorldHistory13 includes 50 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades.Download